The muscle that pumps blood throughout your body is your heart. The blood carries oxygen and nutrients to cells, which are responsible for keeping your body alive. Your lungs are made up of air sacs called alveoli that allow oxygen to enter your bloodstream and carbon dioxide to leave it.
If any of these organs become damaged, the symptoms can range from mild discomfort to severe pain or even death.
The Comprehensive Care Provided By Thoracic Surgeons
Thoracic surgeons treat diseases of the lungs, esophagus, and heart. In addition to offering traditional open surgery, thoracic surgeons are experts in minimally invasive procedures that use tiny incisions and special tools to perform surgeries on delicate organs in a way that limits pain, scarring, and recovery time while increasing success rates.
The Exchange Of Oxygen And Carbon Dioxide Occurs In Your Lungs.
The exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide occurs in your lungs. Oxygen is inhaled through the nose or mouth, travels down the windpipe into your lungs, and then into tiny air sacs called alveoli. The alveoli are surrounded by capillaries that connect directly to blood vessels called arterioles (arteries).
Carbon dioxide is exhaled through the nose or mouth, back up through your windpipe, and out through small openings in each lobe of your left lung called pulmonary veins (vena pulmonalis).
Oxygen Is Inhaled Through Your Nose And Mouth
Oxygen is inhaled through your nose and mouth, travels down your windpipe, and into the lungs where it’s picked up by small sacs called alveoli. The alveoli take in oxygen from the air you breathe in, then pass it on to red blood cells in tiny capillaries within the lung tissue. Red blood cells carry oxygen throughout your body via arteries and veins, delivering it to tissues that need energy.
Exhaled When You Breathe Out Through Your Nose Or Mouth
Carbon dioxide is exhaled when you breathe out through your nose or mouth, and it passes back up through the windpipe. The carbon dioxide then exits the body with each breath.
The carbon dioxide enters the alveoli and binds to water molecules that are in your blood plasma. This creates carbonic acid, which dissociates into bicarbonate ions (HCO3-) and hydrogen ions (H+).
Your Heart Pumps Blood Throughout Your Body
Your heart is a muscle that pumps blood throughout your body to keep you alive. It’s made up of four chambers (two atria, and two ventricles) and has valves that help it pump blood in one direction. The heart also has an electrical system that keeps it beating at a regular pace.
The thoracic surgeon like Dr. Jon Kiev performs surgery on the chest cavity or thorax, which includes the lungs and other organs such as the esophagus and diaphragm.
Many diseases can affect these areas of the body including cancerous tumors or lung infections such as emphysema where oxygen cannot get into your bloodstream properly because there are too many air sacs in your lungs instead of open space where oxygen travels through easily when inhaled.
Conclusion The thoracic surgeon is a specialist like Dr. Jon Kiev who can help you get back to feeling better as quickly as possible. They’re trained in cardiac surgery and pulmonary care, so they know how your lungs work and how best to treat them when something goes wrong. By understanding the function of your lungs, heart, and esophagus, you can better understand the comprehensive care provided by thoracic surgeons.